The World Competitiveness Yearbook (WCY) published by the International Institute for Management Development uses 340 indicators to draw a picture of how nations and enterprises achieve prosperity or profit. The WCY is the most authoritative and intensive report to measure competitiveness of countries. This year's report covers 63 countries, focusing on four factors– each of which has five sub-factors and a total of 340 indicators.
The World Economic Forum published a brand-new index, the Global Competitiveness Index 4.0, which supersedes the previous Global Competitiveness Report. The GCI 4.0 focuses on the Fourth Industrial Revolution as a course for nations to develop their competitiveness. The report measures competitiveness through different factors that determine an economy's level of productivity, similar to GCI 2017. However, WEF experts have stated that, “rankings are not comparable with previous Global Competitiveness Reports.” The report ranks 140 countries across 12 pillars: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT Adoption, Macroeconomic Stability, Health, Skills, Product Market, Labour Market, Financial System, Market Size, Business Dynamism and Innovation Capability. The 12 pillars include 98 indicators, of which 34 indicators have been retained from GCR 2017.
The World Economic Forum publishes the Global Enabling Trade Report (GETR) biennially. The assessment is based on the Enabling Trade Index (ETI), which measures the extent to which economies have institutions, policies, infrastructures, and services that facilitate the free flow of goods over borders and to their destination. The report is composed of four main components (sub-indexes): Market Access, Border Administration, Infrastructure, and Operating Environment. This year's report measures 136 economies, using 57 indicators and sub-indicators across seven pillars.
The World Economic Forum publishes the Global Information Technology Report. Published in 2001, the report evaluates countries' preparedness for using and leveraging ICTs (Information and Communications Technologies) for economic development as well as evaluate their ability to exploit ICT services to chart a course for social development and transformation by improving access to essential services, enhancing connectivity, and creating employment opportunities. This year's report measures 139 economies across 53 indicators (the ratio being 51% for complex data and 49% for soft data) and centres around four main sub-indices.
The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network in New York publishes the World Happiness Report annually. The report assesses 156 countries' levels ofhappiness. The report relies on the Gallup Worldwide Poll based on the Cantril Ladder question stating, “Please imagine a ladder with steps numbered from zero at the bottom to ten at the top. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you, and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder would you say you personally feel you stand at this time, assuming that the higher the step, the better you feel about your life, and the lower the step, the worse you feel about it? Which step comes closest to the way you feel?” By this, the people evaluate the quality of their current lives on a scale of 0 to 10 (for each country, averaged over three years (i.e. 2015-2017).
Bertelsmann Stiftung and Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) publishes the SDG Index & Dashboards. The report was first published in 2016, and this year's edition includes 111 indicators covering the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.
The E-government Survey is published biennially by the Public Administration and Development Management (DPADM) division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). It was first released in 2003. Using ten indicators, the report measures 193 countries across three components (Online Service, Telecommunication Infrastructure and Human Capital). The report provides decision-makers with a tool to identify their areas of strength and challenges in e-government and guide e-government policies and strategies.
The Institute for Management Development publishes the World Talent Report annually since 2013. The report reflects how countries develop, attract, and retain talent to sustain the pool that enterprises employ to create sustainable value. This year's report ranks 63 countries based on three main factors; Investment and Development, Appeal and Readiness. Within the three factors, there are 30 criteria, split 60% for surveys with 18 measures, and 40% fir demanding criteria with 12 criteria.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) publishes The Human Development Index. The index attempts to evaluate human development across three dimensions: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable, and having a decent standard of living.
The report rank 188 countries using four quantitative indicators:
The ICT Development Index is one of the core features of the Measuring the Information Society Report, published annually, since 2009, by the International Telecommunication Union. It captures the level of ICT developments in 176 economies worldwide. The report assesses the developments in ICTs between countries through three sub-indexes (ICT Access, ICT Use and ICT Skill) that include 11 indicators.
The Logistics Performance Index (LPI) is published biennially by the World Bank. It helps countries identify the challenges and opportunities they face in their performance on trade logistics and what they can do to improve their performance. The report measures 160 countries. The LPI is based on a worldwide survey of operators on the ground (global freight forwarders and express carriers), providing feedback on the logistics ‘friendliness’ of the countries they operate in, and those they trade with. They combine in-depth knowledge of the countries in which they work with informed qualitative assessments of other countries where they trade and experience of global logistics environment. Feedback from operators is supplemented with quantitative data on the performance of critical components of the logistics chain in the country of work. Therefore, the LPI consists of both qualitative and quantitative measures and helps build profiles of logistics friendliness for these countries. In addition, it measures performance along the logistics supply chain within a country and offers two different perspectives: international and domestic.
The federation aims to maintain its independence and sovereignty, safeguard its security and stability, defend its existence or the existence of its member emirates from any act of aggression, and protect the rights and responsibilities of the people of the federation. Furthermore, it aims to work in close co-operation with each of the Emirates for their common benefit by realising these objectives and promoting their overall prosperity and progress. This provides a better life for all citizens, ensuring mutual respect by each Emirate for the independence and sovereignty of other Emirates in matters related to their internal affairs, within the framework of the Constitution.
The Federal Authorities in the UAE:
Each Emirate of the UAE manages all the Authorities that the Constitution does not assign to the Federation. Moreover, each Emirate contributes to building and protecting the Constitution and benefiting from its services. All member Emirates of the federation coordinate their legislatures comprehensively to achieve standardisation.